Discover the secrets of the Third Dynasty of Egypt, the historical facts of the Pharaoh kings in the civilization of ancient Egypt, the queens of the Pharaohs, the most important royal tombs, the Pharaonic mastabas, the pyramids of the Saqqara area in Giza, how that civilization was established, why the pyramid of King Djoser and the pyramid group around it was built, and secrets that you did not know before.
If you are planning to visit the Pharaonic tourist attractions in the Saqqara area, you must book a hotel in Cairo or Giza and seek the help of a private guide from the Hurghada Lovers Agency, as the best certified and professional online Hurghada to Pyramids operator that is distinguished by providing an expert guide in Egyptology to answer all the questions you are looking for an answer to.
Top Sights and What to see in Saqqara Egypt
Pharaonic Tourist attractions in Saqqara and Dahshur
- Pyramid of Djoser
- The Southern Tomb in King Djoser funeral complex
- Buried Pyramid
- Layer Pyramid
- Bent Pyramid
- Red Pyramid
- Pyramid of Djedefre
- Pyramid of Djedkare Isesi
- Pyramid of Unas
- Pyramid of Userkaf
- Sun Temple of Userkaf
- Pyramid of Sahure
- Pyramid Neferirkare
- Pyramid of Neferefre
- Unfinished Pyramid of Shepseskare
- Pyramid of Nyuserre Ini
- Pyramid of Menkauhor
- Pyramid of Teti
- Pyramid of Pepi I
- Pyramid of king Merenre
- Pyramid of Pepi II
- Pyramid of Qakare Ibi
- Pyramid of Amenemhat I
- Pyramid of Senusret I
- Pyramid of Senusret III
- The Black Pyramid
- Pyramid of Ameny Qemau
- Pyramid of Khendjer
- Southern South Saqqara pyramid
- Dead Hostage
- Tomb of Serapeum
- AbuSir Pyramids
- Zawyet El Aryan Tombs
- Pyramid of Neferkare Neby
- Pyramid of Queen Iput I
- Pyramid of Queen Khuit
- Pyramid Queen Ankhesenpepi II
- Pyramid of Queen Neith
- Pyramid of Queen Iput II
Top Sights and What to see in Saqqara Egypt
Djoser’s pyramid from the inside
The Pyramid of Djoser, or what is known as the Saqqara Pyramid, or as many know it as the Step Pyramid, is one of the archaeological monuments in the Saqqara Tombs, which is located northwest of the ancient city of Memphis within the State of Egypt.
That tower was built during the 27th century BC to bury the Pharaoh and King Djoser. It was also built for him by his former minister, Imhotep.
He was the engineer and physician Imhotep at the same time, and he was the primary engineer for building the large and spacious funerary complex in the courtyard of the pyramid area and what actually surrounded it from a number of ceremonial structures.
The distinctive external shape of the Pyramid of Djoser
Actually, it is The first Egyptian pyramid to be built, as it consists of six mastabas that were built on top of each other in a very organized manner, and this thing represents a very huge development in the design of those tombs in this previous era, which was previously only satisfied with the presence of one mastaba.
The height of the Step Pyramid of Djoser is approximately 62 meters (203 feet), with a base approximately 109 feet in size.
This pyramid was covered with a layer of white limestone, which is characterized by being polished.
This magnificent step pyramid is considered to be almost the first stone structure existing at that time, but although that courtyard, which was known as the main bridge, it seemed as if it preceded the construction of that pyramid.
It is unfortunate to mention that this pyramid was slightly affected by an earthquake that occurred in Egypt in 1992. It also affected the structure of the pyramid, which led to the collapse of forms and parts of that large funerary group, which belongs to the oldest pyramid known to history.
King Djoser and the story of building that pyramid
Since the time he assumed the throne of Egypt, King Djoser, the owner of that pyramid, had a very important title, which was the name of Horus or Isk, “Nithri Khet,” which means the Holy Body in Arabic.
Then the high priest, Heliopolis Imhotep, deputized on his behalf and designed, built and constructed that large tomb for him.
Among those titles was Aqeb Imhotep and the title “Eribat”, which means “member of the elite” and also means the name of the chief priest and the name of the chief sculptor and at the same time the director of construction works.
The archaeological conditions at the time of the construction of that pyramid
During his long reign, which lasted approximately 19 years, King Djoser had erected a large edifice the likes of which had never been known or built before in history.
The political situation at the time of building that pyramid was somewhat stable, and indeed its era was an era of progress and construction in many fields, including engineering sciences and medical sciences, which led to prosperity for the people. King Djoser also chose that large funerary city in the Saqqara region to establish his tomb.
It was a large place that brought together the pyramid, which was actually close to the tombs of the pharaohs in the Second Dynasty: They were Hetepesekhemwy or Ra-neb and “Ni-Nether.”
There are also a number of tombs belonging to Jisr al-Mudair and a number of mastabas belonging to the First Dynasty.
Although the complex was completely empty at the time, on the contrary, a group of ancient graves known as the Peaceful Graves were found in it, and they were located in the northern complex area.
How was the pyramidal step structure consisting of a number of terraces of the Pyramid of Djoser developed and built?
In fact, this pyramid complex was never established only once, but rather a number of the most important construction methods and various funerary methods were introduced into it in southern and northern Egypt.
Therefore, that complex was the culmination of those important buildings in that era or symbol, as it also developed the tombs of all the pharaohs in the first and second dynasties, some of which were actually located in the Abydos region located in the south of the country.
Exterior appearance of the current Pyramid of Djoser
In fact, at the present time, most of the outer shell of that pyramid had already disappeared. Not only that, but also some parts of that main structure of the pyramid had disappeared from the outside.
What is the price of a ticket to enter the Pyramid of Djoser from within for Egyptians?
- Entrance fee to the Pyramid of Djoser from the inside for adults: 40.
- The entrance fee for Egyptian students is only 20 pounds.
What is the price of a ticket to enter the Pyramid of Djoser from within?
- The internal fee for the Pyramid of Djoser for foreigners is 100 Egyptian pounds.
- If the student is a foreigner, the entry fee is only 50 pounds.